What Does a Landscaper Do?

Landscapers Baltimore design, build, and maintain gardens and other outdoor spaces. They work for landscaping companies, property managers, lawn service establishments, and golf courses as well as local governments.


Landscapers use greenery, cement, rocks, and water to construct and install outdoor scenes. They may create their designs or follow those of a landscape architect to build an environment that complements the architecture of a building or yard. Landscaping differs from gardening or groundskeeping because it is an art form requiring extensive knowledge of plants, soil, and water. Some landscapers may also use wood, stone, and other materials to add structure to a garden or outdoor space.

Landscapers can be found in both public and private sectors. They may work for landscape design firms, construction companies, lawn service establishments, greenhouses, nurseries and state or provincial parks. They can also be self-employed landscapers who contract their services to homeowners and businesses.

To develop a landscape plan, a landscaper will start by conducting a site inventory and analysis. They will then work with the client to determine the desired outcome of the project, and will create a functional diagram and conceptual design plans. Landscapers will also use a number of different tools, including computers and software programs, to design and draw their ideas before beginning the project.

One of the most important aspects of a landscaping plan is the layout. The layout of the flowers, grass and trees can make or break the overall aesthetic of a yard. For this reason, it is essential that the layout be thought out carefully before beginning to build.

Another essential aspect of a good landscaping plan is the use of color. Flower colors can range from warm to cool, and landscapers should try to keep the palette consistent with the surrounding environment. Using a color wheel can help the landscaper choose appropriate colors for their project.

Other elements of a landscaping plan include line, texture and form. The lines in a landscape can be straight or curvilinear, and the textures of the plants and other features can vary from rough to smooth. The shapes of the plants can also change their appearance depending on how they are trimmed or pruned.

For example, a curved line can be created by pruning the plant so that it has an organic edge. The forms of a tree can vary from columnar to globular, or it could have the more natural branching pattern of a weeping willow.


Landscapers install and build outdoor elements, such as gardens, walkways, ponds, decks, fences, trees, gazebos and more. They are also responsible for planting, fertilizing and watering plants as well as controlling weeds and pests. They often work outside in the weather for long periods of time, so they need to be physically fit and able to lift heavy objects. They must also have the ability to stand or kneel for extended periods of time and work in awkward positions. Landscapers use hand and power tools as well as larger equipment, such as bulldozers and backhoes, to create and alter the layout of landscaping projects.

A successful landscaper has a high level of customer service skills, as they communicate with clients to determine their needs and preferences for the project. They may also be required to estimate the cost of materials and labor for each project. They must be able to meet deadlines and budget expectations. If they cannot, they should be willing to discuss other options with the client.

Most landscaping companies charge by the hour. However, the total cost of the project can increase if the landscapers need to rent or purchase additional equipment for a particular task. For example, a tiller may need to be rented in order to dig holes for new garden beds or remove sod grass. The sod can be heavy and requires special handling to move from one location to another.

Some landscapers specialize in specific areas of the business. Tree service technicians care for and maintain trees and shrubs, whereas irrigation specialists design and build landscaping systems that provide consistent water to plants and lawns. Other specialty landscapers include hardscape professionals, who build elements such as patios, walks and retaining walls, while water gardening experts manage the development of a water feature like a pond or waterfall.

If you are interested in becoming a landscaper, it is important to choose the right company. You should consider their experience, reputation and portfolio of previous projects. In addition, it is a good idea to ask the landscaping company about their business insurance policy. This will protect you in the event of an accident or damage to property.


Landscapers often work on maintenance, or groundskeeping, projects for commercial properties. These include landscaping, lawn care and tree services, as well as weed control, pest control and sprinkler installation. They may also provide snow removal and horticultural services.

Regular mowing and trimming are important parts of any landscaping plan. A good landscaper knows the appropriate times to mow and how to trim in order to avoid damaging or killing the grass. They also understand the best fertilizers and watering techniques to use, depending on climate and season.

Other services that landscapers can offer are mulch and flower bed maintenance, leaf cleanup, and soil aeration. These types of maintenance can make a property look more inviting to potential clients and tenants.

Another type of maintenance is hardscaping, or the construction of outdoor spaces. A professional landscaper can build retaining walls, create walkways and patios, install fencing and gazebos, and even install and repair gardens.

Landscapers can also help with irrigation systems, which is the installation and operation of underground piping for water to reach plants. These systems are useful for large gardens and commercial properties that need to water multiple areas of the property on a regular basis.

When choosing a landscaper to maintain your yard, you should take the time to read reviews. You want to find a company that is trustworthy, dependable and dedicated to offering the best service. A good way to do this is by using an online review site that validates user input before publishing a review. You should also choose a company that offers a variety of services to suit your needs.

If you need to invest in equipment for your landscaping business, consider buying a multi-use utility vehicle with attachments that can assist with different tasks. For example, a landscaper should have a lawn leveling tool to smooth out bumps and ridges in yards before mowing them. A lawn spreader is also a helpful tool that can disperse fertilizer over a wide area of land.

Landscapers can help transform a boring, overgrown yard into a relaxing paradise. They can also perform basic maintenance and repair work on existing trees, flowers, and shrubs.


If a landscaper notices a problem with an existing garden or outdoor environment, she may repair it. For example, she might trim hedges or replace a dead shrub. She might also lay new sod or mulch. Some landscapers also install irrigation systems for lawns, gardens and other plants. Others work in greenhouses or nurseries, preparing, planting and caring for nursery stock. They may also work with woody plants, such as trees, and construct fences, decks and patios.

Some landscapers work for private individuals, while others work for companies that specialize in the design and installation of landscapes. They might also work for golf courses, parks, or commercial businesses. Other landscapers are self-employed. Some are certified by professional organizations, such as the National Association of Landscape Professionals and the Professional Landcare Network. Some also have certifications for particular types of landscaping, such as water feature design.

A landscaper’s duties are to tend to the outdoors of houses, public and private buildings and structures, and make them aesthetically pleasing, functional, orderly, and safe. Many landscapers use a variety of materials, including greenery, cement and rocks, to construct gardens, walkways, driveways, and more. They often work with the guidance of a landscape architect or follow the architect’s plans to construct a specific outdoor scene.

The job is often hard and physically demanding, as landscapers are required to work outdoors in all weather conditions. They may be required to lift and carry heavy equipment and work with a wide range of chemicals, such as pesticides and fertilizers. These products can be dangerous, and they require proper handling. Some common health hazards include abrasions, exposure to irritants, and allergic reactions to certain plants and flowers.

Some landscapers obtain their training through an apprenticeship, while others have college degrees or completed a landscaping program. Some states require a license or permit to operate in the industry, while other areas offer voluntary certification. The career offers advancement opportunities, including supervisory positions such as account managers, foreman, and crew leaders.